This is neat news for Cahokia Mounds and the amazing historical and archaeological sites of mounds all around St. Louis. In the radio hour they spoke about finding a site with evidence of 5,000 huts during the new bridge construction. They believe that was just 10% of the newly-found site. I think the State of Illinois has done a great job, and I hope they continue support in the future. But I also see great benefit to having some national recognition and a special designation for Cahokia Mounds and nearby related sites with the National Park Service.
I recommend playing the audio at the link below with the “Listen” thing under the second paragraph.
In September we spent about a week and a half in Yellowstone, staying in West Yellowstone, MT, and taking trips in the park every day. We had a fantastic time. Here are some photos on Picasa and below are some interesting highlights:
Drove 3,800 miles. Went over Teton Pass.
Drove the Beartooth Highway, wow! “the most beautiful drive in America”.
Hit many of the amazing sights in Yellowstone National Park – too numerous to list.
Slept in the car with 3 people one night (least comfortable car sleeping experience yet).
Tent camped one night and had a great campfire (with dead and down wood only!).
Day hiked 8 miles in the northwestern part of the park near Mt. Holmes and the Gallatin Range – rested in the hammocks and cooked lunch.
Buffalo, ospreys, elk, mule deer, red fox, giant obese cat with 2 thumbs on each paw … no bear or wolf but we skipped a couple crowds that might have seen one of the two in Hayden Valley.
Walked through a warm steam bath on a cold rainy day around huge hot spring pools of Midway Geyser Basin.
Were faced down by giant bull elks in rut season twice in the night, one time saved by a ranger using his patrol car as a shield.
We covered some fantastic terrain in this 2007 trip to Ansel Adams Wilderness, with a brief between-passes bit of trail within Yosemite National Park. I’ve gotten the trip report up now. There are some beautiful lakes in this area on the eastern edge of southern Cathedral Range, which has some stunning peaks itself. Plus there were great views of the other surrounding mountains including the Ritter Range and Clark Range. We spent four days on trail here and it was an outstanding adventure in the Sierra.
Brad and I went to a talk at REI about the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness (BWCAW) in northern Minnesota, part of the Superior National Forest. The speaker was a great guy named Jerry, retired teacher, that had been going up there for many years and actually first went there when he was a kid with his dad. I took crazy mental notes since I’d love to go there for a future trip and there was a handout so I’ll put here as much as I remember.
It was some great info. The Boundary Waters is his favorite place on Earth, one of the most beautiful places he says. The Wilderness Area is 1.1 million acres and the adjoining Quetico Park in Canada is 1.2 million acres. There are over 1,200 miles of canoe trails. I included the recommended equipment checklist that Jerry handed out at the very bottom.
They require permits for everyone going in, $16/person. They have a limited availability and reservations open up a certain time of year (forgot but probably early spring). Summer is the popular season and it may be difficult to get a permit for the popular entry points. However, during other times of the year they are pretty easy to get for any entry point and even during the high season it’s not too difficult if you are flexible on the entry point.
He said there are over 2,000 permanent camp sites with fire rings and “thrones”. The “thrones” are up beyond the camp site somewhere and have no cover. I guess they are thorough about having these since everything is close to the water. Fires are allowed in grates only. Some places there are no fires allowed due to all the dead-fall from wind storms.
The topography of the area and lakes are part of the Canadian Shield which is bedrock that has been scraped and scoured by glaciers many times over thousands of years. So the ground is mostly granite rock. This means you need a free-standing tent because tent staking is likely not possible. I didn’t ask if some anchor bags would work, maybe possible. But my tent isn’t free-standing so it might not work. Continue reading →
Best panorama stitching software I have found and now use is Microsoft Research’s ICE (Image Composite Editor). It’s extremely simple to use, has good quality results, and has all the options I need. It’s free, but it’s only available for Windows.
I have had 2 cameras that each came with Arcsoft’s PanoramaMaker, I think version 3 and 4. I remember having to set the stitch points often in PanoramaMaker 3 but 4 was a little simpler. However, I compared the resulting stitched images made with both and found that the newer version made somewhat worse quality images! What do I mean by worse quality? I looked closely at the resulting images and one gave more fuzzed and less sharp results than the other. That was unacceptable so it left me wanting to find something better. They are up to version 6 now but I haven’t tried it.
I searched for an open source alternative. I found Hugin http://hugin.sourceforge.net/ and briefly tried that. It worked well and it has a lot of options but left a lot to be desired for the usability I was looking for.
Microsoft ICE Panorama Stitcher Features
Ever since I came across Microsoft’s ICE and tried it, I have been completely happy with it. Throw the photos in (just drag them in, nice), wait a few seconds, and you have a panorama. Don’t worry about the correct order, it finds it. Then you can do auto-crop, scale, and export as you like. It’s just a few buttons. And the resulting image quality is good from my testing.
Many cameras and smartphones now have automatic panorama stitching. I don’t have a camera like that so I’m not sure how those compare, and my phone has that ability but I have no illusions about the photo quality compared to my real camera. So if you’re in the same boat as me, you should give ICE a try.
The trip report of our 2006 winter overnight hike into the San Gorgonio Wilderness in Southern California is now up in the Backpacking Trips section! We were overly optimistic with our trail aspirations as the snow and steep terrain beat us up a bit. However, we still had a great trip and an experience that included cold temps, camping on the snow, and 4,000 ft of elevation change. I’ll gradually continue to fill in more of our past backpacking trips and get them up on the site.
This 3.8 gigapixel image of the Khumbu Glacier was captured and stitched by David Breashears in spring 2012, from a viewpoint near Mount Everest.
You can pan and zoom around this remarkable image, seeing the massive tent city of Base Camp, and awesome features of the Khumbu Icefall and surrounding mountains. You can also spy some climbers up on the near mountains if you’re lucky, and Tibetan prayer flags too. I enjoyed just zooming in and scrolling around randomly. I’m not exactly sure which mountain is Everest itself (back, center-left?).
The coolest thing though is that this is just a tiny part of the project that GlacierWorks is undertaking. On NPR, Brashears said this barely scratches the surface of where this tech project is headed.
“It’s hardly even a demo…. It’s missing 99 percent of its functionality, which is audio and video and the ability to access other curated content.”
When complete in a few months, this will serve as a completely interactive tour of Mount Everest. Overall this is part of an effort to track and exhibit how the Himalayan landscape has changed with glacial retreat.
The John Krebs Wilderness was created in April 2009 and it pushed the percentage of wilderness area within Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks from 83.6% to 93.4%. This happened a while back but I still wanted to post about it since I loved hearing it. The Wilderness encompasses 39,740 acres in the area of Sequoia National Park to the south of the Mineral King Road, and also has a narrow band surrounding the Mineral King Valley. This puts the Wilderness up to the Mineral King side of Sawtooth Pass, Timber Gap, Franklin Pass, and Farewell Gap. It also includes a large part of the East Fork of the Kaweah River. The Golden Trout Wilderness borders it to the southeast and the Sequoia National Park’s Wilderness borders it to the north and east so it connects a large area of wilderness. This area had already been administered as defacto wilderness so didn’t require a huge change but it is great to make it official.